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Reported Speech

 
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softy.kamy


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Inscrit le: 18 Mai 2009
Messages: 41
Nom et Prénom: kamy sangwoo
highschool'09
Classe: terminal SVT
Féminin Bélier (21mar-19avr)
Point(s): 51
Moyenne de points: 1,24
Etoile: 1étoile

MessagePosté le: Mer 20 Mai - 11:21 (2009)    Sujet du message: Reported Speech Répondre en citant

Reported commands
 
 If you put a command into Reported speech there are some steps which are the same like in statements: (changing of the person, backshift of tenses, changing of expressions of time). The form is mostly: form of to tell + to + infinitive.
 
 
Reported questions
 
If you put a question into Reported speech there are some steps which are the same like in statements: (changing of the person, backshift of tenses, changing of expressions of time). In Reported speech there is no question anymore, the sentence becomes a statement.
That's why the word order is: subject - verb



Question without question words (yes/no questions):
Peter: "Do you play football ?"

Peter asked me whether (if) I played football.


Question with question words:
Peter: "When do you play football?"

Peter asked me when I played football.


Statements 1) If the sentence starts in the present, there is no backshift of tenses in Reported speech.
Example: Susan: "I work in an office."
               Susan says that she works in an office.


2) If the sentence starts in the past, there is often backshift of tenses in Reported speech. 
(See note)
Example: Susan: "I work in an office."

                Susan said that she worked in an office.


Backshift of tenses
fromto
Simple PresentSimple Past
Simple PastPast Perfect
Present Perfect
Past Perfect
willwould
Progressive forms
am/are/iswas/were
was/werehad been
has been
had been

Backshift of tenses
fromto
Peter: "I work in the garden."Peter said that he worked in the garden.
Peter: "I worked in the garden."Peter said that he had worked in the garden.
Peter: "I have worked in the garden."
Peter: "I had worked in the garden."
Peter: "I will work in the garden."Peter said that he would work in the garden.
Peter: "I can work in the garden."Peter said that he could work in the garden.
Peter: "I may work in the garden."Peter said that he might work in the garden.
Peter: "I would work in the garden."
(could, might, should, ought to)
Peter said that he would work in the garden.
(could, might, should, ought to)
Progressive forms
Peter: "I'm working in the garden."Peter said that he was working in the garden.
Peter: "I was working in the garden."Peter said that he had been working in the garden.
Peter: "I have been working in the garden."
Peter: "I had been working in the garden."

If the sentence contains an expression of time, you must change it as well.
Peter: "I worked in the garden yesterday."
Peter said that he had worked in the garden the day before.

Shifting of expressions of time
this (evening)that (evening)
today/this daythat day
these (days)those (days)
nowthen
(a week) ago(a week) before
last weekendthe weekend before / the previous weekend
herethere
next (week)the following (week)
tomorrowthe next/following day

Note:
In some cases the backshift of tenses is not necessary. when statements are still true.
John: "My brother is at Leipzig university."
John said that his brother was at Leipzig university. or
John said that his brother is at Leipzig university.

or
Mandy: "The sun rises in the East."
Mandy said that the sun rose in the East. or
Mandy said that the sun rises in the East.



In this lesson you will learn how to correctly relate what others have said to you. In English grammar, this point is known as "reported speech". The lesson covers how to change tenses, as required...



Affirmative commandsNegative commands
Father: "Do your homework."Teacher : "Don't talk to your neighbour."
Father told me to do my homework.The teacher told me not to talk to my neighbour.


Dernière édition par softy.kamy le Mer 20 Mai - 11:43 (2009); édité 1 fois
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MessagePosté le: Mer 20 Mai - 11:21 (2009)    Sujet du message: Publicité

PublicitéSupprimer les publicités ?
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softy.kamy


Hors ligne

Inscrit le: 18 Mai 2009
Messages: 41
Nom et Prénom: kamy sangwoo
highschool'09
Classe: terminal SVT
Féminin Bélier (21mar-19avr)
Point(s): 51
Moyenne de points: 1,24
Etoile: 1étoile

MessagePosté le: Mer 20 Mai - 11:25 (2009)    Sujet du message: Re: Reported Speech Répondre en citant

softy.kamy a écrit:

  
Reported questions
 

If you put a question into Reported speech there are some steps which are the same like in statements: (changing of the person, backshift of tenses, changing of expressions of time). In Reported speech there is no question anymore, the sentence becomes a statement.
That's why the word order is: subject - verb



Question without question words (yes/no questions):
Peter: "Do you play football ?"

Peter asked me whether (if) I played football.


Question with question words:
Peter: "When do you play football?"

Peter asked me when I played football.


Statements
 
1) If the sentence starts in the present, there is no backshift of tenses in Reported speech.
Example: Susan: "I work in an office."
               Susan says that she works in an office.


2) If the sentence starts in the past, there is often backshift of tenses in Reported speech. 
(See note)
Example: Susan: "I work in an office."

                Susan said that she worked in an office.


Backshift of tenses
fromto
Simple PresentSimple Past
Simple PastPast Perfect
Present Perfect
Past Perfect
willwould
Progressive forms
am/are/iswas/were
was/werehad been
has been
had been

Backshift of tenses
fromto
Peter: "I work in the garden."Peter said that he worked in the garden.
Peter: "I worked in the garden."Peter said that he had worked in the garden.
Peter: "I have worked in the garden."
Peter: "I had worked in the garden."
Peter: "I will work in the garden."Peter said that he would work in the garden.
Peter: "I can work in the garden."Peter said that he could work in the garden.
Peter: "I may work in the garden."Peter said that he might work in the garden.
Peter: "I would work in the garden."
(could, might, should, ought to)
Peter said that he would work in the garden.
(could, might, should, ought to)
Progressive forms
Peter: "I'm working in the garden."Peter said that he was working in the garden.
Peter: "I was working in the garden."Peter said that he had been working in the garden.
Peter: "I have been working in the garden."
Peter: "I had been working in the garden."

If the sentence contains an expression of time, you must change it as well.
Peter: "I worked in the garden yesterday."
Peter said that he had worked in the garden the day before.

Shifting of expressions of time
this (evening)that (evening)
today/this daythat day
these (days)those (days)
nowthen
(a week) ago(a week) before
last weekendthe weekend before / the previous weekend
herethere
next (week)the following (week)
tomorrowthe next/following day

Note:
In some cases the backshift of tenses is not necessary. when statements are still true.
John: "My brother is at Leipzig university."
John said that his brother was at Leipzig university. or
John said that his brother is at Leipzig university.

or
Mandy: "The sun rises in the East."
Mandy said that the sun rose in the East. or
Mandy said that the sun rises in the East.



Affirmative commandsNegative commands
Father: "Do your homework."Teacher : "Don't talk to your neighbour."
Father told me to do my homework.The teacher told me not to talk to my neighbour.

In this lesson you will learn how to correctly relate what others have said to you. In English grammar, this point is known as "reported speech". The lesson covers how to change tenses, as required...

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softy.kamy


Hors ligne

Inscrit le: 18 Mai 2009
Messages: 41
Nom et Prénom: kamy sangwoo
highschool'09
Classe: terminal SVT
Féminin Bélier (21mar-19avr)
Point(s): 51
Moyenne de points: 1,24
Etoile: 1étoile

MessagePosté le: Mer 20 Mai - 11:27 (2009)    Sujet du message: Reported Speech Répondre en citant

Hope you enjoyed the lesson  Smile
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MessagePosté le: Aujourd’hui à 21:51 (2017)    Sujet du message: Reported Speech

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